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  1. Instructions for making colour plates:

  • size of complete plate: 18 cm wide and max. 26.2 cm high; resolution 300 dpi
  • background plate (collection site) should be in RGB with a resolution of at least 300 dpi – we want to print these in a large format, so the higher the resolution the better. Please take these as portrait photographs, not landscape (see layout examples)
  • scale bars: place = bottom right hand side corner (2 mm up and in); thickness; 6 pixels
  • letters: absolutely NO TEXT is allowed on the background photo, nor on the inlay pictures;
  • thickness of white lines separating the pictures: min 6 to max 10 pixels

Please send the photographic plate as a psd file with layers. We will add the fungal name to ensure that the whole set is consistent for font type and size


  • pdf file with the complete plate as it must be published;
  • the file in psd or tiff with layers;
  • all separate pictures used in the plate as separate files without letters and scale bars (especially if we have to redo the plate).
  1. All submitted materials must be digitized and submitted electronically to, with the manuscript ideally in Microsoft Word. Illustrations (Line drawings (bitmap, 1200 dpi or higher) and half tone pictures (300 dpi or higher)) should be submitted as Adobe files (layers left unflattened) and never embedded in MSWord or as Powerpoint files. Phylogenetic trees will only be accepted when submitted as Powerpoint or Adobe files. All elements of the manuscript should be submitted as separate files, i.e. the Fungal Planet description sheet should be separate from tables and figures. Deadline for submissions for the June issue is 15 March and for the December issue is 15 September.

  2. The corresponding author should confirm that: (a) all named authors have agreed to publication of the work; and (b) the manuscript does not infringe any personal or other copyright or property rights.

  3. Papers cited as ‘in press’ should be provided for the benefit of the referees.

  4. English spelling (UK) is required, and should follow The Cobuild English Dictionary (HarperCollins Publishers, London). Words of non-English origin, like fide, bona fide, prima facie, in vitro, in situ, sensu, sensu lato (stricto), should not be placed in italic, because these words are common use. All Latin names (species and higher levels) are to be placed in italic, also in figures.

  5. Common abbreviations are as follows: h, min, s, mL, µL, mg/L, °C, Fig., d, wk, but also ITS, RPD, RFLP, rDNA, 18S etc. Authorities of fungal taxa should be omitted from the general text, unless novelties and synonymies are listed, or nomenclatural issues discussed. In these cases, authorities for taxa should follow the list of authors’ names, see Journal abbreviations in the text (species synonymies, descriptions, etc.) should follow the International Plant Name Index (see

  6. Experimental procedures must be reproducible and must follow Good Cultural Practice (Mycological Research 106: 1378–1379), with sequences lodged at GenBank (ex-type identifiers added to culture-collection field or type identifiers to specimen-voucher field in the sequence record), alignments in TreeBASE, voucher specimens in Leiden (L), or another recognized on-line herbarium (Index Herbariorum or World Directory of Collections and Cultures of Microorganisms acronym, with accession numbers where allocated, and accompanying ex-type and other cultures in CBS and other culture collections. For new taxa or names a MycoBank number is required (see

  7. Collections must be cited as:
    Typus. Country, location, substratum, date (e.g. 10 Dec. 1993), collector (e.g. T.K. Goh & K.D. Hyde) (holotype HERBARIUM number (acronym according to Index Herbariorum), culture ex-type CBS xxx. (thus only country in small caps and specimen collector + number italics; everything else in roman type).
    Additional material examined. Country, location, substratum, date (e.g. 10 Dec. 1993), collector (e.g. T.K. Goh & K.D. Hyde), specimen number, culture CBS xxx.

  8. Reference citation in text: References in the text should be chronological, and given in the following form: ‘Smith & Jones (1965) have shown ...’, or, ‘some authors (Zabetta 1928, Taylor & Palmer 1970, Zabetta 1970) consider that ...’. The names of collaborating authors are joined by an ampersand (&). Where there are three or more authors, names should be cited by the first name only, adding ‘et al.’ (et al. in roman type), e.g. ‘Bowie, Black & White (1964)’ are given as ‘Bowie et al. (1964)’ or ‘(Bowie et al. 1964)’. Where authors have published more than one work in a year, to which reference is made, they should be distinguished by placing a, b, etc. immediately after the date, e.g. ‘Dylan (1965a, b)’. Reference citations in text should be in ascending order of year first, followed by authors’ names. In the References section, citations should be strictly alphabetical, with papers having the same authors arranged according to date. Each reference should include the full title of the paper and journal, volume number, and the final as well as the first page number. In the case of chapters in books, the names of editors, first and last page numbers of the articles, publisher and place of publication are needed.
    Black JA, Taylor JE. 1999a. Article title. Studies in Mycology 13: 1–10. (all in roman). Black JA, Taylor JE. In press. Article title. Mycological Research. Black JA, Taylor JE, White DA. 1981. Article title. In: Seifert S, Seifert KA (eds), Book title. Press, Country: 11–30. Simpson H, Seifert KA. 2000. Book title. 2nd edn. Press, Country. White DA. 2001. Dissertation title. PhD thesis, Department, University, Country. Note that References do not contain any BOLD nor ITALIC text.

  9. Each species has two pages of available space.  Page one is the photographic plate, and page two is the text file.  Additional figures (phylogenetic trees) can be submitted as Supplementary Figure X.

Detailed example:
Fungal Planet xxx – xxx December 20xx

Neomelanconiellaceae Crous, fam. nov. MycoBank MB828247.

Neomelanconiella Crous, gen. nov.

            Etymology. Name refers to Melanconiella, a genus which is morphologically similar.

            Classification — Neomelanconiellaceae, Diaporthales, Sordariomycetes.
[Classification must be included for all new taxa]

Conidiomata solitary to aggregated, pycnidial, brown with central ostiole; wall of 3–6 layers of medium brown textura angularis. Conidiophores lining the inner cavity, septate, hyaline, smooth, subcylindrical with slight apical taper, branched or not. Conidiogenous cells hyaline, smooth, ampulliform, terminal and intercalary, phialidic. Conidia solitary, aseptate, hyaline, smooth, guttulate, subcylindrical to narrowly ellipsoid, apex obtuse, tapering to truncate hilum.

            Type species. Neomelanconiella combreti Crous.
            MycoBank MB828246.
[MycoBank numbers must be included for all new taxa]

            Note — The family Neomelanconiellaceae presently only includes Neomelanconiella, and clusters between Melanconiellaceae and Harknessiaceae.

Neomelanconiella combreti Crous, sp. nov.

            Etymology. Name refers to Combretum, the host genus from which this fungus was isolated.

Conidiomata solitary to aggregated, pycnidial, 200–250 μm diam, brown with central ostiole; wall of 3–6 layers of medium brown textura angularis. Conidiophores lining the inner cavity, 1–2-septate, hyaline, smooth, subcylindrical with slight apical taper, branched or not, 10–20 x 2.5–3.5 mm. Conidiogenous cells hyaline, smooth, ampulliform, terminal and intercalary, 7–12 x 2.5–3 mm, phialidic. Conidia solitary, aseptate, hyaline, smooth, guttulate, subcylindrical to narrowly ellipsoid, apex obtuse, tapering to truncate hilum, 1 mm diam, (6–)7–8 x (1.5–)2(–2.5) μm.
[Please note that ‘–’ (en-dash) is used for the minus sign and all kinds of ranges, not an ordinary hyphen. NOT 4-5 x 7-10 µm, but 4–5 x 7–10 µm, and insert symbol x for multiplication. Colours: grey-black hyphenated, but greyish black not; please provide a reference for the colour chart if a colour chart was used]

            Culture characteristics — Colonies flat, spreading, with sparse to moderate aerial mycelium and folded surface, reaching 50 mm diam after 2 wk at 25 °C. On MEA surface and reverse buff; on PDA surface ochreous, reverse pale luteous; on OA surface pale luteous.
[Type a space in front of all units (including % and °C).]

            Typus. South Africa, Limpopo Province, Haenertsburg, Wolkberg, Klipdraai Camp, leaf spot on Combretum sp. (Combretaceae), 30 Mar. 2010, J. Roux, HPC 2089 (holotype CBS H-23758, culture ex-type CPC 33664 = CBS 145058, ITS, LSU, rpb2 and tef1 sequences GenBank MK047429.1, MK047480.1, MK047540.1 and MK047559.1, MycoBank MB828173).
[Host family must be included for all new taxa. Months are abbreviated to 3 letters with a period][Please provide the LSU sequence, if possible, with your submission so that your species can be included in the overview phylogenetic trees. If preferred, also supply about five reference LSU sequences related to your sequences for inclusion]


Notes — Melanconiella presently includes approximately 20 species (Voglmayr et al. 2012), most of which occur on recently dead twigs and branches of Betulaceae, occurring in the north temperate zone. Asexual morphs of Melanconiella have in the past been described in Melanconium, although the latter genus is in need of revision (Sutton 1980). Morphologically there is little to choose between Melanconiella and Neomelanconiella, although N. combreti occurs on leaves of Combretaceae, and in the Southern Hemisphere. Neomelanconiella combreti clusters with an isolate identified as Cryptodiaporthe vepris (AR 3559, on Rubus idaeus (Rosaceae), Austria), although the latter genus is now a synonym of Plagiostoma (Mejía et al. 2011).

[References are to be cited in full as for any paper in Persoonia. Acknowledgements are provided in a separate paragraph]


Legend of phylogenetic tree if applicable.
[Also add which software was used, version of the software and citation. Cite a TreeBASE number in the legend]

Colour illustrations. Wolkberg, South Africa. Symptomatic leaf; conidiogenous cells; conidia. Scale bars = 1 cm (leaf), 10 µm (all others).
[Full stop after description of background photo, then separate items on individual photos by ‘;’ – do not use letters to indicate them]

[Specific guidelines to photo graphic plate – see above]


Pedro W. Crous & Johannes Z. Groenewald, Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands; e-mail: &
Jolanda Roux, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; e-mail:

[Maximum of five authors – make sure names and affiliations are correct]

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